Characterizing personalized effects of family information on disease risk using graph representation learning


Family history is considered a risk factor for many diseases because it implicitly captures shared genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors. Finland’s nationwide electronic health record (EHR) system spanning multiple generations presents new opportunities for studying a connected network of medical histories for entire families. In this work we present a graph-based deep learning approach for learning explainable, supervised representations of how each family member’s longitudinal medical history influences a patient’s disease risk. We demonstrate that this approach is beneficial for predicting 10-year disease onset for 5 complex disease phenotypes, compared to clinically-inspired and deep learning baselines for Finland’s nationwide EHR system comprising 7 million individuals with up to third-degree relatives. Through the use of graph explainability techniques, we illustrate that a graph-based approach enables more personalized modeling of family information and disease risk by identifying important relatives and features for prediction.

In MLHC 2023
Samuel Kaski
Samuel Kaski
Professor of Artificial Intelligence